Originally Posted by Nate
Human history shows that whenever possible, a small group of people will do anything they can to gain as much power as they can over as many other people. It's obviously true in the capitalist system that we currently have. If you abolish value and commodity and governmental rules and all that shit, things may be pleasant for a generation or so, but slowly some folk will accumulate power. Because there is only local community organisation, old-school feudalism will inevitably return.
Yes we have historically had ruling elites on one scale or another since the neolithic agricultural revolution, that was the easiest method at the time to ensure that nascent city states producing surplus food could maintain control over their resources. It's likely that a warrior elite slowly formed simultaneously, and then over time that elite morphed into a ruling class. From that moment on--without going into any detail--if we hold historical materialism to be true, the material conditions of existing societies was the driver of how we have progressed as a species, rather than merely that history is a result of periodic ideologies.
I think anarchism has it's own issues, it's not my personal ideology although I flirted with it for a year or so, however the fundamental end goal of anarchism is the same as communism--a society devoid of class, value form and the production of commodities fundamentally. There are greedy people on this earth, because the potential for greed exists. In a hypothetical scenario where communism is established on a global scale, the ability to act on any greed (supposing that greed is human nature and not a learnt trait, which is not what I believe personally) will be diminished, if not abolished. Communism is founded upon a planned economy until such a time as we can abolish work itself and automate production (that's something for another discussion). We will produce what we need and no more. There will be no incentive to be greedy because everyone will be comfortable. There will be nothing to take because everything will be given. It is a fundamentally new mode of production, and all the ways in which one can excel through individualism in capitalism will simply be ineffectual under communism.
The biggest threat to a stateless society will come not in a generation after it has been formed, but in its nascent stage, when reactionary behaviour by those who benefitted the most under capitalism seek to return us to the status quo. That is the reason that every communist revolution has--to date--failed. Either the regime tasked with protecting the revolution has crumbled under external pressure (as in Burkina Faso), or the vanguard has consolidated power and formed a new bureaucratic class to disestablish the old capitalist elite, which in itself causes a degenerated workers state (as in the USSR and China).